Hale-Bop displaying seven jets (HB-ESO La Silla
Telescope, Harpoint Observatory)
Several seconds later. (Nauyuki
Kurita Nov 19 2001)
Tadpole & Mice Beads
The evidence for spiral-formation in plasma jets is extensive. The
two ‘Mice’ galaxies and the ‘Tadpole’ have plasma ribbons with included
And most galaxies occur in clusters or chains like Markarian’s,
showing their origins.
Main image: M87 (NASA/Chandra) Inset: Perseid
Meteor (Mike Oates, Manchester Astronomical Society, Aug 1989)
NASA’s X-ray image reveals M87′s jet as a series of spiral plasma
knots. Also note, the node/anti-node spacing could well stem from core
Inset is a pulsed meteor trail, again looking like resonance.
The VLA radio telescope team in New Mexico plotted the electrical
system at the centre of the Milky Way. One scientist likened the giant
plasma loops found there to a dynamo. With the more recent discovery of
plasma jets from the same vicinity there is good reason to connect the
two, since electricity is known to be able to bring about nuclear
fusion, if not the creation of matter. The electro-magnetic map of
galaxy M82 looks much the same. (BBC News website 17 April 2000)
UCLA announced in March 15, 2006:
“We know the galactic center has a strong magnetic field that is
highly ordered and that the magnetic field lines are oriented
perpendicular to the plane of the galaxy:
But now for the big one…
What could the spatial equivalent of the Coriolis effect be? A
rotating universe? Perhaps our’s is a rotating, spiral universe, the
last and biggest. Or perhaps there is a next spiral up; one of an
infinite, fractal set. Each level would appear finite to its denizens
until better technology revealed more, and more and more…
The universe consists of a series of spiral bodies of diminishing
size each made in turn by plasma ejection and moulded by a spatial
Coriolis effect: a rotating fractal universe.
Benoit Mandelbrot announced in 1977 that the distribution of galaxies
in space shows a fractal pattern.
Images from the best telescopes, equipped with CCD cameras and backed
by digital processing, now show enough detail to add support to his
The implications are immense.
What Makes A Fractal?
Any fractal is made by a simple, iterative (repeat) process. But this
simple repetition can produce shapes of unbelievable complexity. Koch’s
curve, for example, is made by putting a triangular kink in any
straight line as in the diagram.
More repeats make for more complexity.
Zooming in on any section will reveal detail no different to anywhere
else. There are comparable features in space.
The universe contains families of fractals shapes (hierarchies)
wherever we look. Zooming in on the Hoag object and the Cartwheel Galaxy
reveals miniature versions, as with the Koch curve. Tip: these faint
details are better seen with magnification in a photo editing program.
Cartwheel Galaxy Centre (Anup Rej)
The mere presence of such typical fractals means that the universe is
not random. It can only be the product of an organising process.
Spiral hierarchy in order of size:
- Virgo supercluster
- Supergiant Achernar (diagram)
- Proto star and planets RXS J1311
- Comet Hale Bop.
Intermediate-sized objects are to be expected: ‘dwarf spherical
galaxies’ for instance.
This fractal hierarchy means that other planetary systems are to be
expected everywhere in the universe and that extra-terrestrial
intelligence is not just a probability but is guaranteed.
Three Stacked Spirals
An internal fractal hierarchy
Three spirals stacked in concentric and co-planar mode. Russian
More Fractal Similarity
(Gemini, Gemini, Chandra.)
Gemini North team, Hawai’i have shown that the galaxies housing
quasars are not exceptional or even undergoing extraordinary events
Notice similarity between quasar centre, galaxy and supernova, or a
flower come to that.
Cosmic Grid System
A supernova and a star plugged into the cosmic grid.
Spatial Electricity & Plasma
M87 ejects plasmoids
Culham, UK Nuclear Fusion Plant
Electricity is forty orders of magnitude stronger than gravity. Thus
Slight ionisation (< 0.001%) in a plasma is enough to start
electrical activity. This draws in nearby matter, ionised or not,
increasing the energy and pull.
This ‘Z pinch’ is a feedback (iterative) process such as makes
A sufficiently high current produces enough heat for nuclear fusion.
See Culham picture.
Plasma circuits have magnetic fields.
Broken circuits release their stored magnetic energy explosively. See
solar loop picture.
Spatial Plasma Circuits
Plasma loops come in all sizes and are from plain and simple to
This plasma flow map in NGC 1097 traces complex electrical loop
Dr Charles Bruce
Dr Charles Bruce postulated in 1968 that spiral galaxy arms are huge
lightning strikes. Recent work in radio astronomy bears him out.
Flows of electric current in these flat looped galactic circuits
involves the movement of ions, Van der Graaf fashion, as indicated here
by the short black lines. The gradual build up of opposite charges at
the remote ends of the galaxy continues until electrical breakdown
causes another lightning strike. Then charging begins again.
NGC 1097 (Max Planck Inst. Bonn.)
This charge/discharge periodicity, the basis of many earthly
electronic clocks and timers, provides a cogent and overdue explanation
for the many periodic objects in space: from pulsars to sunspot cycling.
Flatness and spirality in celestial bodies is fundamental to the
explanation of their generation of electricity and their shape.
Fleming’s first rule was devised to show engineers the direction of
rotation to be expected in an electric motor, but it also explains
certain behaviours of celestial bodies, from comets to the largest
Fleming’s rule applies to all conductors in a magnetic field
including the plasma arms of galaxies.
Depending on the direction of the current flow, there is a resulting
inward or outward force on the plasma circuits. It must be outward as
shown, otherwise extinction, not growth, would result.
This suggests that growth proceeds by the formation of a series of
loops, giving the flat mesh structure seen.
Loop luminosity is perhaps a measure of current strength and of the
order of formation.
The movie (above) is not of a huge slow-moving galaxy, but of a
smaller fractal relative, star V838 in Monoceros. The growth action is
the same but far quicker.
Technical note: Galaxy model
Galaxy Model Alternator
Galaxy Model Alternator Movie
The alternator consists of conducting loops slicing through a
magnetic field. Its output is lowest, but not zero, when the magnet and
rotor are accurately coplanar and concentric. Any deviation improves
efficiency dramatically, so fractal galactic wobbles can be expected to
produce results from the sedate to pyrotecnic, depending on size.
The Hall effect nicely explains the separation of positive and
negative flows in galactic plasma conductors ie. in the spiral arms.
Note also that these are quantised, not linear and significantly, close
observation reveals fractal behaviour. See www.nature.com/nature/journal/v422/n6930/fig_tab/422391a_F1.html
Thus multiplication of loops, analogous to cell growth in plants
and animals, is postulated.
Four stages are shown but many intermediate ones are apparent in
NASA’s picture. Thus galaxies are quasi-stable and will shed the outer
layers like seeds during periods of high electrical activity. There is
evidence – see next two slides.
Sideways ejection of an infant galaxy.
Supernova 1987 was a blue giant star of normal appearance before
‘going broody’. Its massive plasma rings were built in less than 10
years. Note the similarity of the center to the Cartwheel galaxy.
Quasar RXS J1311, described by professionals as a ‘proto-stellar
body’, appears to have pupped five planets.
The six areas of intense electrical activity imply a huge variation
in the ratio of viscosity/magnetic diffusivity (Prandtl ratio) across
This fractal theory holds that all celestial bodies, irrespective of
size, are formed by the same fractal process, powered by the generation
of electricity in rotating plasma circuits.
Even elliptical galaxies conform. Those which are face-on and
amenable to digital processing show concealed inner spirals.
The sun too has indications of a similar inner structure. See next
Sun - Hard X-Ray - Temp Contours
Sun - plasma donut in UV
The sun is not an obvious member of the hierarchy of flat spiral
generators but the external evidence is not easily explained otherwise.
Most activity is in the equatorial region and accordingly the ejected
solar wind is flat. The scientists said they discovered the huge,
electrically-charged plasma gas currents deep under the sun’s surface
moving in patterns near the equator and around both poles. See CNN
Some supergiants have a distinctly flattened appearance – see next
Like welding electrodes, the sun’s real shape is masked by glare.
The beta Cygni binary star (twin suns), being face-on to us,
reveals the characteristic flat, spiral/loop structure of the hierarchy
after a little image processing. Before left, after on the right:-
The clock-like regularity of activities in the sun, Cepheid variables
and RR Lyrae stars indicates that they have built-in oscillators, most
likely utilising the negative resistance of plasma – more later.
Unwittingly NASA has
provided pointers to flatness too
Supergiant star, Achernar, has a high degree of flattening (1:1.5)
see diagram. It has a dust ring like elliptical galaxies, and like the
sun, its solar wind is emitted equatorially. See astrophysics paper
Some B[e] supergiants have axial plasma ejection/s and circumstellar
dust like their much larger elliptical galaxy counterparts.
Both the Earth and Saturn have similar torroidal magnetic fields and
flat equatorial current flows. Probably all the planets are similar.
Axial Ejection from elliptical galaxy
Sun's Cool Poles, X-ray (NASA/SOHO)
The sun’s electrical activity is highest at lower latitudes. Hence
the poles are cooler. Evidence for a flat sun.
Saturn has an equatorial ring current of about 10,000,000 Amps
flowing about 600,000 kilometres up. Kilometric Radiation is its
principal radio emission.
Physics' (top, Max Born, published 1947, below, NASA/Chandra)
The resemblance of certain Schroedinger atomic shapes to planetary
nebulae hints that atoms are tiny members of the postulated spiral
hierarchy. Hence ejections may be expected in atoms as in galaxies,
nebulae etc. See slides 28, 32. Excitation of the ground state flat
spiral atoms would promote electrons into Scroedinger’s
three-dimensional shapes as illustrated above.
DNA double helix (left), M87's
The remarkable cork-screw likeness between the so-called DNA “nebula”
and the living DNA molecule does not stop at the double twist. Both
also have lateral cross-links joining the twin helical strands! Why the
“nebula” (in fact a Herbig Haro-type jet) should have gene analogues is
only explicable in terms of the Lorenz force and fractlal geometry:
These lateral ejections show up in all high-resolution pictures of
Herbig Haro jets: M87′s jet (see picture above), HH 34, 47, 410 etc.
The human genome comprises 24 doubly helical chromosomes each with
rung-like genes. When divided at their ‘nodes’ and sorted by size they
yield two hierarchies: one of 43 half units (below left) and a second of
five halves of condensed nucleotides, (below right) derived from
chromosomes #13,#14,#15, #21 and #22. Hence we have a quantized series
engendered by the familiar Lorenz force, through the resonance of the
universal fractal process. Picture courtesy of Sally Ingram, quantum
Shape of Ground State Atom?
Ground state atom
The portrayal of atoms as resonant (tuned) circuits is entirely in
line with the science of magnetic resonance: the diagnostic tool used
in, for instance, medical imaging and chemical analysis. Further
information on magnetic resonance is available on many websites, for
Any theory of the universe has to address the growing list of new
observations listed in the previous pages.
At the least it should include a mechanism with the subtlety to make
spatial fractals and the speed and strength to structure the vast
universe we see.
Uniquely electromagnetic energy and its resultant force has these and
It provides a compelling explanation for the flatness of structures,
from atoms to galaxy walls.
The gathering of matter by Z-pinch nicely explains voids.
The ability to store energy in magnetic fields and to bring about
nuclear fusion is powerful stuff.
Many of the intractable problems which beset cosmology look amenable
to an electronic approach especially considering the various modes and
frequencies of oscillation.
The universe appears to be fractal, cyclic and self- regenerating.
Implied is that it is eternal and infinite.